path to learn electronics

Robotic joints: An In-Depth Look at Revolute, Prismatic, and Fixed Joints

ByDavid E. Olson

Jan 11, 2023
robotic joints

Robotic joints are the basis of any robot’s ability to move and manipulate objects.  Robotic joints come in many varieties, each with special characteristics. These include fixed joints, which do not occur any movement, prismatic joints, also known as linear joints, which allow linear movement along a single axis, and revolute joints, also known as hinge joints, which allow rotational movement around a single axis. We will dive deeper into the world of robotic joints in this article as we explore their types, uses, and actuation techniques. You’ll have a better understanding of robotic joints by the end of this article.

First, let’s consider a stationary Articulated Robot.

main parts of the robots

Later, we’ll talk about different joints.

additionally, some robots have rover systems as part of the robots. rover is simply the moving mechanism of the robot.

main parts of the robots

If we take articulating robots into consideration, we have to consider the degree of freedom (DOF). The number of independent position variables that must be specified in order to locate every part of a mechanism is known as the degree of freedom.

degree of freedom

we will talk more about the degree of freedom in a mathematical way in the next articles.

let’s talk about some key parts of the robots

End effector

A robot arm’s end effector, which replaces the hand, is a tool or device that is attached to the ends of the arm.

The robotic Joints

Mechanical parts are called robotic joints .which allow a robot to move and manipulate objects. They can be found in a variety of types and configurations, such as revolute (rotary), prismatic (linear), and spherical (ball-and-socket) joints. The specific case and the degree of movement required determine the joint type to be used.

Different technologies, such as hydraulic, pneumatic, or electric motors, can be used to actuate robotic joints. Robotic joints may be embedded with sensors to deliver feedback on position, velocity, and other parameters in addition to enabling motion.

Mainly there are three types of basic movements in robotic joints

  1. rotation movement: rotation about the horizontal plane.
  2. Radial movement: movement of the end effector in radially
  3. Vertical movement: this movement change the height of the end effector
main parts of the robotics

Mainly the joins can be divided into two types ;

  1. prismatic joint
  2. revolute joint

Prismatic joint

Prismatic joints make a linear motion with respect to another link. it makes relative movement between 2 links. the input link remains stay and the output link makes the translation movement.

there are two types of Prismatic joints

  1. Linear joint
  2. Orthogonal joint

Linear joint

the output link translate respect to inputlink

Orthogonal joint

The joint moves along the input link axis

Revolute joint

In robotics, a revolute joint, also referred to as a hinge joint, is a type of joint that allows rotational movement between two connected parts.  it  enables the  rotational movement of a robotic arm.

it work like our th shoulder or elbow.

Minly there are three types of rotations are occurred the Revolute joints.

  1. Rotational joint
  2. Twisting joint
  3. Revolving joint

Rotational joint

This type provides rotational relative motion, with the axis of rotation parallel to the axes of the input and output links.

Twisting joint

Even though there is rotary motion at this joint too, the rotational axis is parallel to the axes of the two links.

Revolving joint

In this type of joint, the output link’s axis is perpendicular to the joint’s axis of rotation and the input link’s axis is parallel to it.

Those are the all joints in robotics

Additionally, there are complex joints are used as robotics joints. but in real-world applications,the prismatic joint and revolute joint are used commonly.

Ball joints

now let’s identified the real-world application of joints in robotics.

ROT3U 6DOF Black Aluminium Robot Arm Mechanical Claw Robotic Claw Kit (Unassembled Parts Without Servos)

robotic joints

Yahboom Adults AI Smart Robot Raspberry Pi Robot Dog Python Programmable 12 Joints Bionic Mechanical Dog DOGZILLA

robotic joints

Revolute and Prismatic joints are the main types of joints and also the Revolute joints can be devided into another three types such as Rotational joint,Twisting joint and Revolving joint

9 thoughts on “Robotic joints: An In-Depth Look at Revolute, Prismatic, and Fixed Joints”
  1. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive learn anything like this before. So nice to find any individual with some original thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for starting this up. this web site is one thing that is needed on the internet, somebody with a bit originality. helpful job for bringing one thing new to the internet!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *